Film censorship

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Censorship is nothing more than being considered by the rulers as mere subjects of the citizens of the country, and moreover, as minors and for this reason, they must be protected from the evil one.
It may not be very well known but in our country there are still films that are censored and therefore cannot be shown.
Although the film censorship law was repealed in 1977, there is a film that the Supreme Court has not allowed to be shown. This is a documentary produced in 1980, entitled ROCIO, which was hijacked a few years after its release. The Court convicted its perpetrator of a crime of insults because the film pointed to the ringleader of the brutal repression suffered by the people of Almonte (Huelva), the birthplace of the Rocio pilgrimages, during the coup d'etat of 1936. The aim of the documentary was to investigate, through pilgrimages, Franco's repression during the civil war. Its director Fernando Ruiz Vergara placeholder image he was a militant film activist against the dictatorship, who lived in Portugal until his death. This film was his last film work.
It is a passionate work that addresses the phenomenon of Rocio and does so from different perspectives: what is true in the appearance of the Virgin, the classism of the rocieras brotherhoods and their links with the repression exercised by supporters of the military uprising at the beginning of the war.
Censorship has always been done in many ways. From cuts to movies, scene changes and dialogue modifications, especially during dubbing. As early as 1930, Mussolini forced all Italian films to be dubbed, and Franco was no less Language Defense Law (Spanish) of 1941 that forced to double all the films. This law was repealed a few years later.
The practice of censorship has been common in Spain, with or without dictatorships. During the Second Republic, the Minister of the Interior had the power to ban any film that tried to denature historical events or that undermined the prestige of institutions or personalities of our country. It is not necessary to think that the Franco regime would be prolific in censoring cinema and in 1937 the first Censorship Boards were set up in Seville and La Coruña, which with the press law of 1938 became the Superior Censorship Board.
The practice of modifying the dialogues is in the hands of the great censors, always linked to the Catholic Church, who considered cinema as a great school of perversion. Through an infamous Minister of Information and Tourism, Gabriel Arias Salgado and his Superior Board of Cinematographic Orientation, the 1950s are those of the darkest era. Of this cryptic character is the phrase that Before the orientation rules, 90% of Spaniards went to hell. Now only 25%.
Censorship, and his style book, had a point of grace. Thus they forbade the use of expressions such as shit , ass or even invested. If the word was used Inquisition, could never be added Spanish.
For the censors it was very important that the films did not justify certain actions such as suicide, abortion and above all, sexual perversions as the goal was to do not arouse the low passions of the viewer. Maybe that's why TARZAN'S GREAT ADVENTURE (1959) where the muscular Gordon Scott came out naked, qualified only as an adult to prevent homosexual temptations from minors.
One also had to be aware of the big Hollywood stars who had meant themselves in favor of the Spanish Republic such as Bette Davis, Charles Chaplin or Joan Crowford. His films were looked at as a great censoring magnifying glass.
With the press law of Manuel Fraga in 1966, the rules of censorship were relaxed but it would still take ten years to repeal it definitively. Today a certain kind of censorship still exists but now there are other reasons, which we will discuss on another occasion.
Cambrils, 13 May 2020

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